It can be unsettling to step into your kitchen in the middle of the night, turn on the light and see a scorpion skittering across the floor. It can be even more disturbing if you happen to step on a scorpion without your shoes on; you could receive a painful sting. Fortunately, most scorpions would rather run than fight. Here are some more facts about scorpions that you should know.
All Scorpions Are Venomous, But Few Are Dangerous to Humans
Similar to spiders, all scorpions can deliver venom when they sting. However, the venom of most scorpions is not strong enough to cause serious harm to a healthy adult. Young children, pets, the elderly and anyone who is allergic to scorpion venom can be affected more severely. Healthy adults often experience a reaction that is no worse than a bee sting when stung by one of the less-venomous types.
Las Vegas Is Home to a Highly Venomous Scorpion
Of the 25 species of scorpions found in Nevada, only three are common in the Las Vegas area. Unfortunately, one of them is the Arizona bark scorpion, the most venomous type of scorpion found in the United States. Although fatalities are rare and typically limited to toddlers, small pets, adults whose immune systems are compromised and the elderly, stings are extremely painful. It is quite common for the area around the sting to experience temporary numbness, paralysis or convulsions. The other two types common in Las Vegas, the Arizona giant hairy scorpion and the stripetail scorpion, can deliver a painful sting, but unless the person has an allergic reaction, the venom poses little risk.
Scorpions Are Nocturnal
Scorpions hunt by night and hide during the day. When they invade your home, they may hide inside footwear or clothing, giving you an unpleasant surprise when you slip into your shoes or don an article of clothing. Outdoors, you could accidentally encounter a scorpion hiding under a rock, landscaping timber or other item that has not been disturbed recently.
Scorpions Eat Insects
Although there are some types of scorpions that are large enough to prey on rats, the types found in Las Vegas are not among them. Instead, they eat spiders and insects, including cockroaches, ants, crickets and maggots; the giant hairy scorpion can sometimes prey on small lizards. If these pests are present in your home or yard, scorpions can be attracted by them.